You can use the integral of a curve to calculate the volume of an area by rotating it around an axis.
When you find an integral, you find the area under a curve. If you were to take an integral at a single point on a curve, you’d get it’s distance from the x-axis. You can then take this distance and put it into the equation for area of a circle, .
Building on this, if you find a definite integral across a certain range, you can use that value to find the volume of a solid revolved around the x-axis.
To use a definite integral in the equation for area of a circle, replace r with the definite integral resulting in this:
where x represents the function of the curve. Then, solve the expression for the volume of the solid formed by rotating the curve around the x-axis.